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Episode 11: DJ 的黄金时代(「为什么会有摇滚」系列之二)
二战后 DJ 和独立电台的兴起。 战后独立电台热; 独立电台的商业模式; RCA 诉 Whiteman 案; DJ 创造的虚拟社区; DJ 如何制造金曲 《talich 闲侃》,有闲得聊,关注美国流行文化史,网址:https://talich.fm 相关链接 主要参考文献 Ennis, P. H. (1992). The seventh stream: the emergence of rocknroll in American popular music. Wesleyan University Press. Osgerby, B. (2001). Playboys in Paradise: Masculinity, Youth and Leisure-Style in Modern America (https://www.bloomsbury.com/au/playboys-in-paradise-9781845209483/). Berg Publishers. Brewster, B. & Broughton, F. (1999). Last night a DJ saved my life: the history of the disc jockey (https://groveatlantic.com/book/last-night-a-dj-saved-my-life/) (1st American ed). New York: Grove Press. Cantor, L. (1992). Wheelin' on Beale: how WDIA-Memphis became the nation's first all-Black radio station and created the sound that changed America. New York: Pharos Books. Susan Douglas, Listening In: Radio and the American Imagination (https://www.upress.umn.edu/book-division/books/listening-in) (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004) 相关录音: WDIA 在 1953 年出的宣传节目 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLShb__XdQ8) B. B. King 关于 WDIA 的采访 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YrU-qsJz1u8) Martin Block: Make Believe Ballroom, WABC New York, June 16, 1956 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rDSFlNSJUNs) Franklin D Roosevelt 的第一次炉边谈话,March 12, 1933 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jt9f-MZX-58) Dewey Philips: Red Hot & Blue, WHBQ Memphis, 1952 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bCZ_KBPA4ks) Jocko Henderson, WOV 1280AM New York, 1957 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A_m0T6vRZTg) Wolfman Jack 在《American Graffiti》里拍演他自己 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=99z-H_NEccU) Hunter Hancock Theme (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DqCq5Ol8lq8), Johnny Otis 词曲,演奏 Johnny Otis and his California Rhythm and Blues Caravan,Hunter Hancock 播音 登场人物 talich: 美国流行文化史爱好者,《娱乐的逻辑》作者
11 / 02
Episode 10: 摇滚革了谁的命?(「为什么会有摇滚」系列之一)
开始一个新的系列:为什么会有摇滚。讨论 1950 年代摇滚乐(Rock & Roll)的诞生过程。 在系列的第一集,我们聊聊摇滚出现以前美国流行音乐的生态与产业链,并试图回答一个问题:摇滚的出现为什么是二十世纪美国最重要的音乐事件? 1954 年时独立音乐的产业链 vs 1936 年时流行音乐的产业链; Billboard 的榜单是干什么用的; 摇滚之前的年代里,流行音乐是怎么营销的; 流行歌 vs 流行舞:摇摆舞时代; 唱片时代的声音革命 《talich 闲侃》,有闲得聊,关注美国流行文化史,网址:https://talich.fm 相关链接 主要参考文献 Whitburn, J. (1986). Joel Whitburn's Pop memories, 1890-1954: the history of American popular music : compiled from America's popular music charts 1890-1954. Menomonee Falls, Wis.: Record Research. (这本书现在似乎已经被拆成了 Pop Memories 1900-1940 (https://www.recordresearch.com/pop/pop_memories_1900-1940.php) 与 Pop Hits Singles & Albums 1940-1954 (https://www.recordresearch.com/pop/pop_hits_singles_and_albums_1940_1954.php) 两本) Billboard Magazine 1920 to 2016 (https://www.americanradiohistory.com/Billboard-Magazine.htm) Ennis, P. H. (1992). The seventh stream: the emergence of rocknroll in American popular music. Wesleyan University Press. Sanjek, R. (1988). American popular music and its business: the first four hundred years (https://global.oup.com/academic/product/american-popular-music-and-its-business-9780195043112?cc=ca⟨=en&). Vol. 3. New York: Oxford University Press. Wald, E. (2009). How the Beatles destroyed rock 'n' roll: an alternative history of American popular music (https://www.elijahwald.com/beatlespop.html). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Zak, A. (2010). I don't sound like nobody: remaking music in 1950s America (https://www.press.umich.edu/295986/i_dont_sound_like_nobody). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. 相关歌曲: That's All Right (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DCP_g7X31nI),Arthur Crudup 词曲、原唱,Elvisley 演唱,1954 年 Sun Records 发行 Pennies From Heaven (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_IFgC7JhVrM), Johnny Burke 词,Arthur Johnston 曲,Bing Crosby 演唱,1936 年 Decca Records 发行 After The Ball (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=soxPknRyH-k), Charles Harris 词曲, George Gaskin 演唱,1893 年 Edison Records 发行 Benny Goodman At the Palomar Ballroom, Los Angeles (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V24RGvlMrbc), 1935 年 8 月 22 日电台录音,节目中选曲为:Darktown Strutters' Ball,Shelton Brooks 作曲,1917 年出版。 Summertime (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uYUqbnk7tCY),选自民谣歌剧(folk opera)《Porgy and Bess》,DuBose Heyward,Ira Gershwin 词,George Gershwin 曲,Billie Holiday 演唱,1936 年 Vocalion Records 发行 Sing, Sing, Sing (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FS0JOTmiieo),Louis Prima 作曲,Benny Goodman 和他的乐队演奏,1936 年 RCA Victor 发行 人物简介 talich: 美国流行文化史爱好者,《娱乐的逻辑》作者
10 / 06
Episode 9: 小小镍币影院有啥可怕?
这次聊美国史上的第一间电影院、镍币影院的兴起。镍币影院虽然是美国电影史上的过渡时期,但意义深远。它的出现不仅意味着现代电影生产发行体系的基本架构诞生,也带来了巨大的社会冲击,是整个美国文化生产消费体系的一次大重组。 镍币影院是怎么回事 质量与数量:《世界电影史》里没有提到的两件事 镍币影院为什么兴起的这样快 他们为什么害怕镍币影院 电影史的几种读法 《talich 闲侃》,有闲得聊,关注美国流行文化史,网址:https://talich.fm 相关链接 主要参考文献 克里斯汀·汤普森, 大卫·波德维尔 著, 范倍 译, (2014).《世界电影史(第二版)》,北京大学出版社. Musser, C. (1994). The emergence of cinema: the American screen to 1907 (https://www.ucpress.edu/book/9780520085336/the-emergence-of-cinema). Berkeley: University of California Press. Sanjek, R. (1988). American popular music and its business: the first four hundred years, Volume II: From 1790 to 1909 (https://global.oup.com/academic/product/american-popular-music-and-its-business-9780195043105?lang=en&cc=ca). New York: Oxford University Press. 主要影片: Porter, Edwin S. (1903), The great train robbery (https://www.loc.gov/item/00694220/), Library of Congress 登场人物 talich: 美国流行文化史爱好者,《娱乐的逻辑》作者
6 / 01
Episode 8: 拳击-电影
这次我们继续聊拳击和电影的交集,主题是二者如何分道扬镳。随着第一位重量级黑人拳王的出现,联邦政府出台了拳击电影禁令——电影史上第一项针对电影的内容审查法律。它让日渐强大的好莱坞不得不放弃拳击电影拍摄。同时,拳击则一飞冲天,成为了美国最受欢迎的商业体育运动。 南方的种族隔离是如何出现的 两种黑人拳手 拳击电影禁令 电影与言论自由 拳击进入黄金时代 拳击电影制作者如何挑战禁令 《talich 闲侃》,有闲得聊,关注美国流行文化史,网址:https://talich.fm 相关链接 主要参考文献 Streible, D. (2008). Fight pictures: a history of boxing and early cinema (https://www.ucpress.edu/book/9780520250758/fight-pictures). Berkeley: University of California Press. Woodward, C. V. (2002). The strange career of Jim Crow (https://global.oup.com/ushe/product/the-strange-career-of-jim-crow-9780195146905?cc=ca⟨=en&) (Commemorative ed). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Ashby, L. (2006). With amusement for all: a history of American popular culture since 1830 (https://www.kentuckypress.com/live/title_detail.php?titleid=2195#.XM2taqZ7nUI). Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. Gisclair, S. D. (2013) Lords of the Ring: Boxing in New Orleans (https://www.myneworleans.com/lords-of-the-ring/), My New Orleans, Retrieved 2019-05-01. Gustkey, E. (1995). This Champion Was a Real Bum : Jack Dempsey, the Man Who Inspired Boxing's First Million-Dollar Gate, Was Born 100 Years Ago (https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1995-06-25-sp-17054-story.html), LA Times, Retrieved 2019-05-01. 主要影片: (网上的大部分影片都是基于原默片实况的记录片,原默片版本也同时给出) Jack Johnson vs. Tommy Burns (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03MFOUgXRW4) (1908) Jack Johnson vs Stanley Ketchel (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Aj38GcAM8zI) (1909) Jack Johnson vs James Jeffries (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=esnq-orAvo8) (1910) Jack Johnson vs Jess Willard (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IFZVlsLs9Eo) (1915), 原默片版本 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=74dnCeXI8MM) Jack Dempsey vs Jess Willard (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jvCHk_kKpVI) (1919) Jack Dempsey vs Georges Carpentier (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S2UYwrU-Xro)(1921), 原默片版本 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T4lIclazPYw) Jack Dempsey vs Gene Tunney (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8HtMHSqbVaY)(1927), 原默片版本 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZkqAzjJqWpY) 登场人物 talich: 美国流行文化史爱好者,《娱乐的逻辑》作者
5 / 06
Episode 7: 拳击 + 电影
这次我们聊拳击和电影的交集。美国娱乐史上曾有很短的一段时间,在十九世纪末,还处在萌芽期的现代拳击和电影相互成就:电影帮拳击克服文化禁忌,获得了美国人的认同;拳击帮电影找到了稳定的观众,登上大雅之堂。 八卦小报如何靠拳击挣钱 蓝领拳手和绅士拳手 拍拳击电影的好处与风险 美国史上第一部电影长片,也是史上第一部卖座电影 假拳赛电影的挣钱之道 《talich 闲侃》,有闲得聊,关注美国流行文化史,网址:https://talich.fm 相关链接 主要参考文献 Streible, D. (2008). Fight pictures: a history of boxing and early cinema (https://www.ucpress.edu/book/9780520250758/fight-pictures). Berkeley: University of California Press. Musser, C. (1994). The emergence of cinema: the American screen to 1907 (https://www.ucpress.edu/book/9780520085336/the-emergence-of-cinema). Berkeley: University of California Press. Musser, C. (1991), Before the Nickelodeon: Edwin S. Porter and the Edison Manufacturing Company (https://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft3q2nb2gw;brand=ucpress). Berkeley: University of California Press. Levine, L. W. (1988). Highbrow/lowbrow: the emergence of cultural hierarchy in America (www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674390775). Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Zunz, O. (2012). Philanthropy in America: a history (https://press.princeton.edu/titles/9513.html). Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. 主要影片 Eadweard Muybridge, Nude Male Athletes Boxing (http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2002706369/), plate 336, Animal Locomotion (1887), Library of Congress 爱迪生公司早期电影 (https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLD28424FAA9414F49), Library of Congress Corbett-Fitzsimmons拳赛 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YotGnDnWRV0), Library of Congress Jeffries-Fitzsimmons拳赛复现 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZZh--rmNfxk)(注意上载者没有意识到这是 Siegmund Lubin 的假拳赛电影) 登场人物 talich: 美国流行文化史爱好者,《娱乐的逻辑》作者
5 / 06
Episode 6: 美国人为什么打篮球
我们不再聊 1930–40 年代美国篮球的重要发展,而是退一步聊早期篮球发展背后的社会动因:为什么美国人会热衷体育活动和打篮球、当年的文化如何催生了消费、以及职业篮球现象等等。您在本期会听到: 作为奢侈品的体育(00:01:15) * 生活方式对于现代社会的意义; * 精英体育俱乐部的诞生; 作为大众娱乐的体育(00:13:04) * 拳击和橄榄球,现代体育运动现代在何处; * 竞技体育,现代社会中的男性焦虑; * 从大都会博物馆到高中篮球,现代社区的构建; * 职棒大联盟,体育背后的文化博弈; 商业体育的成功之道(00:40:54) * 中产阶级和消费主义的诞生; * 福特的五美元工资和美国化生活方式; * 体育的中产阶级消费观。 《talich 闲侃》,有闲得聊,关注美国流行文化史,网址:https://talich.fm 相关链接 主要参考文献 Riess, S. A. (1995). Sport in industrial America (https://www.wiley.com/en-us/Sport+in+Industrial+America%2C+1850+1920%2C+2nd+Edition-p-9781118537718), 1850-1920. Wheeling, Ill.: Harlan Davidson. (本播客参考的是 1995 年第一版,链接为 Wiley-Blackwell 2013 年第二版) Riess, S. A. (1989). City games: the evolution of American urban society and the rise of sports (https://www.press.uillinois.edu/books/catalog/65gnz8ec9780252062162.html). Urbana: University of Illinois Press. Peterson, R. (2002). Cages to jump shots: pro basketball's early years (https://www.nebraskapress.unl.edu/bison/9780803287723/). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. Levine, P. (1992). Ellis Island to Ebbets Field: sport and the American Jewish experience (https://global.oup.com/academic/product/ellis-island-to-ebbets-field-9780195085556?cc=ca⟨=en&). New York: Oxford University Press. Levine, L. W. (1988). Highbrow/lowbrow: the emergence of cultural hierarchy in America (www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674390775). Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Zunz, O. (1998). Why the American century? (https://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/chicago/W/bo3637225.html). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ( Rosenzweig, R. & Blackmar, E. (1998). The park and the people: a history of Central Park (http://www.cornellpress.cornell.edu/book/?GCOI=80140100396360)). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Reeves, R.V., Guyot, K., and Krause, E., 2018, Defining the middle class: Cash, credentials, or culture? (https://www.brookings.edu/research/defining-the-middle-class-cash-credentials-or-culture/), Brookings Institute. 其他提到的书: Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: the collapse and revival of American community (http://bowlingalone.com/). New York: Simon & Schuster. 登场人物 talich: 美国流行文化史爱好者,《娱乐的逻辑》作者
3 / 11
Episode 5: 欢乐篮球
今天的主题是快攻和篮球战术的变革。内容包括: 美国篮球的战术从诞生到二战前的演化; 美国篮球如何从地域之争转向技战术之争; 对于篮球演进的一些思考,和那些被遗忘的故事。 《talich 闲侃》,有闲得聊,关注美国流行文化史,网址:https://talich.fm 相关链接 主要参考文献 Isaacs, N. D. (1975). All the moves: a history of college basketball (1st ed). Philadelphia: Lippincott. Maury Klein, Keaney Invented the Fast Break and Rhode Island Made the Big Time (https://www.si.com/vault/1978/11/27/823193/yesterday-keaney-invented-the-fast-break-and-rhode-island-made-the-big-time), Sports Illustrated, Nov 27, 1978 Carlson, C. (2017). Making March Madness: The Early Years of the NCAA, NIT, and College Basketball Championships 1922-1951 (https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1pv88r1). University of Arkansas. 其他本系列未提到的话题: Kuska, B. (2004). Hot potato: how Washington and New York gave birth to Black basketball and changed America's game forever (https://www.upress.virginia.edu/title/1823). Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press. Katz, Milton S. (2010). Breaking Through: John B. McLendon, Basketball Legend and Civil Rights Pioneer (https://www.uapress.com/product/breaking-through/). Fayetteville, Arkansas: University of Arkansas Press. Caponi-Tabery, G. (2008). Jump for joy: jazz, basketball, and Black culture in 1930s America (http://www.umass.edu/umpress/title/jump-joy). Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. Green, B. (2005). Spinning the globe: the rise, fall, and return to greatness of the Harlem Globetrotters (https://www.harpercollins.com/9780060555504/spinning-the-globe/) (1st ed). New York: Amistad, an imprint of HarperCollins Pub.. Yep, K. S. (2009). Outside the paint: when basketball ruled at the Chinese playground (http://tupress.temple.edu/book/0513). Philadelphia: Temple University Press. 登场人物 talich: 美国流行文化史爱好者,《娱乐的逻辑》作者
3 / 02
Episode 4: 无解跳投
今天的主题是跳投的诞生。内容包括: 跳投的演化和经典跳投的诞生; 二战对篮球技术的影响; 篮球技术背后的社会观念与美国梦。 《talich 闲侃》,有闲得聊,关注美国流行文化史,网址:https://talich.fm 相关链接 主要参考文献 Fox, S. R. (1994). Big leagues: professional baseball, football, and basketball in national memory (1st ed). New York: Morrow. Stark, D. (2016). Wartime basketball: the emergence of a national sport during World War II (https://www.nebraskapress.unl.edu/university-of-nebraska-press/9780803245280/). University of Nebraska Press. Fury, S. (2016). Rise and fire: the origins, science, and evolution of the jump shot --- and how it transformed basketball forever (https://www.shawnfury.com/). New York: Flatiron Books. Aubrey O. Cookman, Jr, Basketball Grows Up (https://books.google.com/books?id=ZNkDAAAAMBAJ&lpg=PA151&ots=zxNKofu0ea&dq=jim%20pollard%20one-hand%20shooter&pg=PA151#v=onepage&q&f=false), Popular Mechanics, Jan 1951 Glenn Roberts and The Genesis of The Jump Shot (http://www.hoophall.com/hardwood-history/glenn-roberts-and-the-genesis/) Louis Effrat, 18,316 see Wyoming Quintet beat St Johns in overtime (https://nyti.ms/2UWuunn), New York Times, Apr. 2, 1943 Kenny Sailors' Jumpshot in Action (http://kennysailorsjumpshot.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=230:jumpshotaction&catid=34:photographs&Itemid=43) Jimmy Jemail, THE QUESTION: Do you think that old-time, low-scoring basketball—before Hank Luisetti popularized the one-hand jump shot—was a better and more interesting game than it is today? (https://www.si.com/vault/1957/12/09/605740/the-question-do-you-think-that-oldtime-lowscoring-basketballbefore-hank-luisetti-popularized-the-onehand-jump-shotwas-a-better-and-more-interesting-game-than-it-is-today), Sports Illustrated, Dec 09, 1957 登场人物 talich: 美国流行文化史爱好者,《娱乐的逻辑》作者
2 / 18
Episode 3: 巨人来了
今天的主题是美国篮球史上巨人中锋的诞生。内容包括: 篮球史上曾经对高个子球员的歧视; 二战和高个子球员; Bob Kurland 和 Henry Iba 的防守体系; Ray Meyer 和 George Mikan 的进攻体系。 《talich 闲侃》,有闲得聊,关注美国流行文化史,网址:https://talich.fm 相关链接 主要参考文献 Stark, D. (2016). Wartime basketball: the emergence of a national sport during World War II (https://www.nebraskapress.unl.edu/university-of-nebraska-press/9780803245280/). University of Nebraska Press. Schumacher, M. (2008). Mr. Basketball: George Mikan, the Minneapolis Lakers, and the birth of the NBA (https://www.upress.umn.edu/book-division/books/mr-basketball). Univ Of Minnesota Press. Isaacs, N. D. (1975). All the moves: a history of college basketball (1st ed). Philadelphia: Lippincott. 登场人物 talich: 美国流行文化史爱好者,《娱乐的逻辑》作者
2 / 08
Episode 2: 超级巨星和他的舞台
今天的主题是美国篮球史上的第一位超级巨星 Hank Luisetti,和麦迪逊广场花园。内容包括: Hank Luisetti 在美国篮球史上的地位与贡献; 麦迪逊广场花园如何成为篮球圣殿; 疯狂三月的诞生; 1951 丑闻 《talich 闲侃》网址:https://talich.fm 相关链接 主要参考文献 Fox, S. R. (1994). Big leagues: :professional baseball, football, and basketball in national memory (1st ed). New York: Morrow. Carlson, C. (2017). Making March Madness: The Early Years of the NCAA, NIT, and College Basketball Championships 1922-1951 (https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1pv88r1). University of Arkansas. Figone, A. J. (2012). Cheating the spread: gamblers, point shavers, and game fixers in college football and basketball (https://www.press.uillinois.edu/books/catalog/52dka7ht9780252037283.html). University of Illinois Press. Rosen, C. (1999). Scandals of '51: how the gamblers almost killed college basketball (https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/books/213897/the-scandals-of-51-by-charley-rosen/9781888363913/). New York: Seven Stories Press. Cohen, S. (1977). The game they played (1st ed). New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. 勘误 圣母大学位于印第安纳州,而非宾州。 登场人物 talich: 美国流行文化史爱好者,《娱乐的逻辑》作者
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